Efeitos do isolamento social na pandemia da covid-19 na saúde mental da população

Effects of social isolation during the COVID-19 pandemic on people’s mental health

Efectos del aislamiento social durante la pandemia por COVID-19 en la salud mental de la población

  • Roger Rodrigues da Silva Universidade Regional do Cariri (Crato, Ceará, Brasil)
  • José Adelmo da Silva Filho Universidade Regional do Cariri (Crato, Ceará, Brasil)
  • Jessica Lima de Oliveira Universidade Regional do Cariri (Crato, Ceará, Brasil)
  • Jayana Castelo Branco Cavalcante de Meneses Universidade Regional do Cariri (Crato, Ceará, Brasil)
  • Camila Almeida Neves de Oliveira Universidade Regional do Cariri (Crato, Ceará, Brasil)
  • Antonio Germane Alves Pinto Universidade Regional do Cariri (Crato, Ceará, Brasil)
Palabras clave: Salud Mental, Infecciones por Coronavirus, Aislamiento Social, Pandemias, Cuarentena
Key-words: Mental Health, Coronavirus Infections, Social Isolation, Pandemics, Quarantine
Palavras chave: Saúde Mental, Infecções por Coronavírus, Isolamento Social, Pandemias, Quarentena





(1) Croda J; Oliveira WK; Frutoso RL; Mandetta LH; Baia-da-Silva DC; Brito-Sousa J et al. COVID-19 in Brazil: Advantages of a socialized unified health system and preparation to contain cases. Rev Soc Bras Med Trop. 2020;53:e20200167. http://doi.org/10.1590/0037-8682-0167-2020
(2) Chen N; Zhou M; Dong X; Qu J; Gong F; Han Y et al. Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of 99 cases of 2019 novel coronavirus pneumonia in Wuhan, China: A descriptive study. The Lancet. 2020;395(10223):507-513. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30211-7
(3) Zhonghua L; Xing B; Xue ZZ. The epidemiological characteristics of an outbreak of 2019 novel coronavirus diseases (COVID-19) in China. Chin J Epidemiol. 2020;41(2):145-151. https://doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2020.02.003
(4) Ministério da Saúde do Brasil. Secretaria de Vigilância em Saúde. Boletim epidemiológico especial — semana epidemiológica 51. Brasília; 2020. https://bit.ly/3aLZ1iq
(5) Rafael RMR; Neto M; Carvalho MMB; David HMSL; Acioli S; Faria MGA. Epidemiologia, políticas públicas e pandemia de covid-19: o que esperar no Brasil? Rev Enferm UERJ. 2020;28: e49570. https://doi.org/10.12957/reuerj.2020.49570
(6) Duan L; Zhu G. Psychological interventions for people affected by the COVID-19 epidemic. Lancet Psychiatry. 2020;7(4):300-302. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30073-0
(7) Canady VA. COVID-19 outbreak represents a new way of mental health servisse delivery. Mental Health Weekly. 2020;30(12):1-4. https://doi.org/10.1002/mhw.32282
(8) Brooks SK; Webster RK; Smith LE; Woodland L; Wessely S; Greenberg N et al. The psychological impact of quarantine and how to reduce it: Rapid review of the evidance. The Lancet. 2020;395(10227):912-920. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30460-8
(9) Fiorillo A; Gorwood P. The consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health and implications for clinical pratice. Eur Psychiatry. 2020;63(1):e32. https://doi.org/10.1192/j.eurpsy.2020.35
(10) Terrizzi JJA; Shook NaJ; McDaniel MA. The behavioral immune system and social conservatism: A meta-analysis. Evol Hum Behav. 2013;34(2):99-108. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2012.10.003
(11) Kiecolt-Glaser JK; McGuire L; Robles TF; Glaser R. Emotions, morbidity, and mortality: New perspectives from psychoneuroimmunology. Annu Rev Psychol. 2002;53:83-107. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.psych.53.100901.135217
(12) Mendes KDS; Silveira RCCP; Galvão CM. Use of the bibliographic reference manager in the selection of primary studies in integrative reviews. Texto contexto - enferm. 2019;28:e20170204. http://doi.org/10.1590/1980-265x-tce-2017-0204
(13) Melnyk BM; Fineout-Overholt E. Evidence-based practice in nursing and health: A guide to best practice. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer; Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Health; 2011.
(14) Moher D; Liberati A; Tetzlaff J; Altman DG; The PRISMA Group. Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses: the PRISMA Statement. PLoS Med. 2009;6(7):e1000097. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1000097
(15) Li S; Wang Y; Xue J; Zhao N; Zhu T. The impact of the COVID-19 epidemic declaration on psychological consequences: A study on active Weibo users. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(6): 2032. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17062032
(16) Guo Y; Cheng C; Zeng Y; Li Y; Zhu M; Yang W et al. Mental health disorders and associated risk factors in quarantined adults during the COVID-19 outbreak in China: Cross-sectional study. J Med Internet Res. 2020; 22(8):e20328. https://doi.org/10.2196/20328
(17) Canet-Juric L; Andrés ML; del Valle M; López-Morales H; Poó F; Galli JI et al. A longitudinal study on the emotional impact cause by the COVID-19 pandemic quarantine on general population. Front Psychol. 2020;11:565688. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.565688
(18) Bartoszek A; Walkowiak D; Bartoszek A; Kardas G. Mental well-being (depression, loneliness, insomnia, daily life fatigue) during COVID-19 related home-confinement — A study from Poland. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(20):7417. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207417
(19) Xiao H; Zhang Y; Kong D; Li S; Yang N. Social capital and sleep quality in individuals who self-isolated for 14 days during the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak in January 2020 in China. Med. Sci. Monit. 2020;26:e923921. https://doi.org/10.12659/MSM.923921
(20) Rossi R; Socci V; Talevi D; Mensi S; Niolu C; Pacitti F et al. COVID-19 Pandemic and lockdown measures impact on mental health among the general population in Italy. Front Psychiatry. 2020;11:790. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2020.00790
(21) Wang S; Zhang Y; Ding W; Meng Y; Hu H; Liu Z et al. Psychological distress and sleep problems when people are under interpersonal isolation during an epidemic: A nationwide multicenter cross-sectional study. Eur Psychiatry. 2020;63(1):e77. https://doi.org/10.1192/j.eurpsy.2020.78
(22) Roma P; Monaro M; Colasanti M; Ricci E; Biondi S; Di Domenico A et al. A 2-month follow-up study of psychological distress among Italian people during the COVID-19 lockdown. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public. Health. 2020;17(21):8180. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17218180
(23) Cao W; Fang Z; Hou G; Han M; Xu X; Dong J; Zheng J. The psychological impact of the COVID-19 epidemic on college students in China. Psychiatry Res. 2020;287:112934. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2020.112934
(24) Banks J; Xu X. The mental health effects of the first two months of lockdown and social distancing during the COVID-19 pandemic in the UK. Institute for Fiscal Studies. 2020. https://doi.org/10.1920/wp.ifs.2020.1620
(25) Jacques-Aviñó C; López-Jiménez T; Medina-Perucha L; Bont J; Gonçalves AQ; Duarte-Salles T; Berenguera A. Gender-based approach on the social impact and mental health in Spain during COVID-19 lockdown: A cross-sectional study. BMJ Open. 2020;10:e044617. http://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2020-044617
(26) Rossinot H; Fantin R; Venne J. Behavioral changes during COVID-19 confinement in France: A web-based study. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(22):8444. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17228444
(27) Qiu J; Shen B; Zhao M; Wang Z; Xie B; Xu Y. A nationwide survey of psychological distress among Chinese people in the COVID-19 epidemic: Implications and policy recommendations. Gen Psychiatr. 2020;33:e100213. http://doi.org/10.1136/gpsych-2020-100213
(28) Schwinger M; Trautner M; Kärchner H; Otterpohl N. Psychological impact of corona lockdown in Germany: Changes in need satisfaction, well-being, anxiety, and depression. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(23):9083. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17239083
(29) Robb CE; de Jager CA; Ahmadi-Abhari S; Giannakopoulou P; Udeh-Momoh C; McKeand J et al. Associations of social isolation with anxiety and depression during the early COVID-19 pandemic: A survey of older adults in London, UK. Front Psychiatry. 2020;11:591120. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2020.591120
(30) Marroquín B; Vine V; Morgan R. Mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic: Effects of stay-at-home policies, social distancing behavior, and social resources. Psychiatry Res. 2020;293:113419. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2020.113419
(31) Parola A, Rossi A; Tessitore F; Troisi G; Mannarini S. Mental health through the COVID-19 quarantine: A growth curve analysis on Italian young adults. Front Psychol. 2020;11:567484. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.567484
(32) Pandey D; Bansal S; Goyal S; Garg A; Sethi N; Pothiyill DI et al. Psychological impact of mass quarantine on population during pandemics — The COVID-19 Lock-Down (COLD) study. PLoS ONE. 2020;15(10):e0240501. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0240501
(33) Lynch JW; Kaplan GA. Understanding how inequality in the distribution of income affects health. J Health Psychol. 1997;2(3):297-314. https://doi.org/10.1177/135910539700200303
(34) Hellewell J; Abbott S; Gimma A; Bosse NI; Jarvis CI; Russell TW et al. Feasibility of controlling COVID-19 outbreaks by isolation of cases and contacts. Lancet Glob Health. 2020;8(4):e488-e496. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(20)30074-7
(35) The World Health Organization (WHO). Director General’s opening remarks at the media briefing on COVID-19 — 16 March 2020. https://bit.ly/2NqlHfC
(36) Silva LLS; Lima AFR; Polli DA; Razia PFS; Pavão LFA; Cavalcanti MAFH; Toscano CM. Medidas de distanciamento social para o enfrentamento da COVID-19 no Brasil: caracterização e análise epidemiológica por estado. Cad Saúde Pública. 2020;36(9):e00185020. https://doi.org/10.1590/0102-311x00185020
(37) Shigemura J; Ursano RJ; Morganstein JC; Kurosawa M; Benedek DM. Public responses to the novel 2019 coronavirus (2019-nCoV) in Japan: mental health consequences and target populations. Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2020;74(4):281-282. https://doi.org/10.1111/pcn.12988
(38) Santos CF. Reflections about the impact of the SARS-COV-2/COVID-19 pandemic on mental health. Braz J Psychiatry. 2020;42(3):329-332. http://doi.org/10.1590/1516-4446-2020-0981
(39) Panchal N; Kamal R; Orgera K; Cox C; Garfield R; Hamel L et al. The implications of COVID-19 for mental health and substance use. The Henry J Kaiser Family Foundation. 2020. https://bit.ly/3qPmFjJ
(40) Maunder R; Hunter J; Vincent L; Bennett J; Peladeau N; Leszcz M et al. The immediate psychological and occupational impact of the 2003 SARS outbreak in a teaching hospital. CMAJ. 2003;168(10):1245-1251. https://www.cmaj.ca/content/cmaj/168/10/1245.full.pdf
(41) Xiang YT; Yang Y; Li W; Zhang L; Zhang Q; Cheung T; Ng CH. Timely mental health care for the 2019 novel coronavirus outbreak is urgently needed. Lancet Psychiatry. 2020;7(3):228-229. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30046-8
(42) Banerjee D. The COVID-19 outbreak: Crucial role the psychiatrists can play. Asian J Psychiatry. 2020;50:102014. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.AJP.2020.102014
(43) Jiang X; Deng L; Zhu Y; Ji H; Tao L; Liu L et al. Psychological crisis intervention during the outbreak period of new coronavirus pneumonia from experience in Shanghai. Psychiat. Res 2020;286:112903. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2020.112903
(44) Ornell F; Schuch JB; Sordi AO; Kessler FHP. “Pandemic fear” and COVID-19: Mental health burden and strategies. Braz J Psychiatry. 2020;42(3):232-235. https://doi.org/10.1590/1516-4446-2020-0008
(45) Hawryluck L; Gold WL; Robinson S; Pogorski S; Galea S; Styra R. SARS control and psychological effects of quarantine, Toronto, Canada. Emerg Infect Dis. 2004;10(7):1206-1212. https://doi.org/10.3201/eid1007.030703
(46) Duarte MQ; Santos MAS; Lima CP; Giordani JP; Trentini CM. Covid-19 e os impactos na saúde mental: uma amostra do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Ciênc saúde coletiva. 2020;25(9):3401-3411. https://doi.org/10.1590/1413-81232020259.16472020
(47) Natividade MS; Bernardes K; Pereira M; Miranda SS; Bertoldo J; Teixeira MG et al. Distanciamento social e condições de vida na pandemia covid-19 em Salvador-Bahia, Brasil. Ciênc saúde coletiva. 2020;25(9):3385-3392. https://doi.org/10.1590/1413-81232020259.22142020
(48) Shojaei SF; Masoumi R. The importance of mental health training for psychologists in COVID-19 outbreak. Middle East J Rehabil Health Stud. 2020;7(2):e102846. https://doi.org/10.5812/mejrh.102846

Cómo citar
Silva, Roger Rodrigues da; Filho, José Adelmo da Silva; Oliveira, Jessica Lima de; Meneses, Jayana Castelo Branco Cavalcante de; Oliveira, Camila Almeida Neves de; Pinto, Antonio Germane Alves. Efectos del aislamiento social durante la pandemia por COVID-19 en la salud mental de la población. Avances en Enfermería. 2021; 39(Suplemento): 31-3. Disponible en: http://ciberindex.com/c/rae/394031ae [acceso: 24/09/2022]
Artículos de revisión


Normas y uso de comentarios

Hay un total de 0 comentarios


Para enviar un comentario, rellene los campos situados debajo. Recuerde que es obligatorio indicar un nombre y un email para enviar su comentario (el email no sera visible en el comentario).