Adaptability, cohesion and family functionality of nurses during state of emergency by Covid-19

Adaptabilidad, cohesión y funcionalidad familiar de los enfermeros durante el estado de emergencia por Covid-19

Adaptabilidade, coesão e funcionalidade familiar dos enfermeiros durante o estado de emergência por Covid-19

  • Sílvia Manuela Dias Tavares da Silva Escola Superior de Enfermagem de Coimbra (Coimbra, Portugal)
  • Carla Sílvia da Nova Neves Fernandes Escola Superior de Enfermagem do Porto (Porto, Portugal)
  • Bruno Miguel Magalhães Escola Superior de Saúde de Santa Maria (Porto, Portugal)
  • Beatriz Edra Escola Superior de Saúde de Santa Maria (Porto, Portugal)
Palabras clave: Enfermería, Enfermeros, Familia, Pandemias, Covid-19
Key-words: Nursing, Nurses, Family, Pandemics, COVID-19
Palavras chave: Enfermagem, Enfermeiros, Família, Pandemias, Covid-19





(1) World Health Organization (WHO). Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): situation report 78. Geneva: WHO; 2020.
(2) Lima CKT; Carvalho PMM; Lima IAAS; Nunes JVAO; Saraiva JS; Souza RI et al. The emotional impact of Coronavirus 2019-nCoV (new Coronavirus disease). Psychiatry Res. 2020;287:112915.
(3) Hu X; Huang W. Protecting the psychological well-being of healthcare workers affected by the COVID-19 outbreak: perspectives from China. Nurs Health Sci. 2020;22(3):837-838.
(4) Chen CC; Chi CY. Biosafety in the preparation and processing of cytology specimens with potential coronavirus (COVID-19) infection: perspectives from Taiwan. Cancer Cytopathol. 2020;128(5):309-316.
(5) Ness MM; Saylor J; di Fusco LA; Evans K. Healthcare providers' challenges during the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic: a qualitative approach. Nurs Health Sci. 2021; 23(2):389-397.
(6) Cook TM. Personal protective equipment during the coronavirus disease (COVID) 2019 pandemic - a narrative review. Anaesthesia. 2020;75(7):920-927. SMDT et al.Av Enferm. 2021;39(1supl):21-30.29
(7) Adriaenssens J; de Gucht V; Maes S. Determinants and prevalence of burnout in emergency nurses: a systematic review of 25 years of research. Int J Nurs Stud. 2015;52(2):649-661.
(8) Kang L; Li Y; Hu S; Chen M; Yang C; Yang BX et al. The mental health of medical workers in Wuhan, China dealing with the 2019 novel coronavirus. Lancet Psychiatry. 2020;7(3): e14.
(9) Robinson R; Stinson CK. The lived experiences of nurses working during the COVID-19 pandemic. Dimens Crit Care Nurs. 2020;40(3):156-163.
(10) Sampaio FM; Sequeira CM; Teixeira L. Nurses’ mental health during the COVID-19 outbreak: a cross-sectional study. J Occup Environ Med. 2020;62(10):783-787.
(11) Brooks SK; Webster RK; Smith LE; Woodland L; Wessely S; Greenberg N et al. The psychological impact of quarantine and how to reduce it: rapid review of the evidence. Lancet. 2020;395(10227):912-920.
(12) LoGiudice JA; Bartos S. Experiences of nurses during the COVID-19 pandemic: a mixed-methods study. AACN Adv Crit Care. 2021;32(1):14-26.
(13) Fisher J; Languilaire J-C; Lawthom R; Nieuwenhuis R; Petts RJ; Runswick-Cole K et al. Community, work, and family in times of COVID-19. Community Work Fam. 2020; 23(3): 247-252.
(14) Zhang X; Zhao M; Li J; Shi L; Xu X; Dai Q et al. Associations between family cohesion, adaptability, and functioning of patients with bipolar disorder with clinical syndromes in Hebei, China. J Int Med Res. 2019;47(12):6004-6015.
(15) Fernandes CS; Magalhães B; Silva S; Edra B. Perception of family functionality during social confinement by Coronavirus Disease 2019. J Nurs Heal. 2020;10(4):1-14.
(16) Smilkstein G; Ashworth C; Montano D. Validity and reliability of the family ApGAR as a test of family function. J Fam Pract. 1982;15(2):303-311.
(17) Olson DH. Circumplex model of marital and family systems. J Fam Therapy. 2000;22(2):144-167.
(18) Turkdogan T; Duru E; Balkis M. Circumplex model of family functioning in Turkish culture: Western family systems model in a Eurasian country. J Comp Fam Studies. 2019;50(2):183-199.
(19) Rodrigo MJ; Máiquez ML; Martín JC; Byrne S. Preservación familiar. Un enfoque positivo para la intervención con familias. 1.a ed. Madrid: Pirámide; 2008. 192 p.
(20) Huang L; Wang Y; Huang H. Factors associated with family cohesion and adaptability among Chinese registered nurses. J Clin Nurs. 2021;30(1-2):113-125.
(21) Silva SM; Rodrigues RM. Os determinantes do envelhecimento: a ruralidade e a urbanidade. In: Zaida Azeredo, coordinator. Envelhecimento cultura e cidadania. Almada (Portugal): Edições Piaget; 2016. p. 9-53.
(22) Cardona Arango D; Segura Cardona Á; Segura Cardona A; Muñoz Rodríguez DI; Agudelo Cifuentes MC. La felicidad como predictor de funcionalidad familiar del adulto mayor en tres ciudades de Colombia. Hacia Promoc Salud. 2019;24(1):97-111.
(23) Maunder R. The experience of the 2003 SARSoutbreak as a traumatic stress among frontline healthcare workers in Toronto: lessons learned. Phil Trans R Soc Lond B. 2004;359:1117-1125.
(24) Lee SH; Juang YY; Su YJ; Lee HL; Lin YH; Chao CC. Facing SARS: psychological impacts on SARS team nurses and psychiatric services in a Taiwan general hospital. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2005;27(5):352-358.
(25) Hofmeyer A; Taylor R. Strategies and resources for nurse leaders to use to lead with empathy and prudence so they understand and address sources of anxiety among nurses practising in the era of COVID-19. J Clin Nurs. 2021;30(1-2):298-305.

Cómo citar
Silva, Sílvia Manuela Dias Tavares da; Fernandes, Carla Sílvia da Nova Neves; Magalhães, Bruno Miguel; Edra, Beatriz. Adaptabilidad, cohesión y funcionalidad familiar de los enfermeros durante el estado de emergencia por Covid-19. Avances en Enfermería. 2021; 39(Suplemento): 21-0. Disponible en: [acceso: 02/02/2023]
Artículos de investigación


Normas y uso de comentarios

Hay un total de 0 comentarios


Para enviar un comentario, rellene los campos situados debajo. Recuerde que es obligatorio indicar un nombre y un email para enviar su comentario (el email no sera visible en el comentario).