Desbridamiento quirúrgico e injerto de piel en quemaduras de espesor parcial y profundo. Revisión bibliográfica

Surgical debridement and skin grafting in partial and deep thickness burns. Bibliographic review

  • Laura Reyes Pérez Departamento de Enfermería, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Granada (Granada, España)
  • Beatriz Piqueras-Sola Hospital Universitario Virgen de las Nieves (Granada, España)
  • Nuria García Enriquez Centro de Salud Iznalloz-Montefrío (Granada, España)
  • Raquel Rodríguez-Blanque Departamento de Enfermería, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Granada (Granada, España)
  • Laura Lara Tarazaga Centro de Salud Atarfe (Granada, España)
  • Juan Carlos Sánchez-García Departamento de Enfermería, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Granada (Granada, España)
Palabras clave: Trasplante de piel, Desbridamiento, Quemados, Atención de enfermería, Enfermería
Key-words: Skin transplantation, Debridement, Burn, Nursing care

Resumen

Abstract

Bibliografía

1. Burns: Injuries and Wounds [Internet]. Available from: https://medlineplus.gov/spanish/burns.html
2. Gallegos Torres P, Argüello Gordillo T, Real Flores R, Trujillo Orbe O. Epidemiology of the burned pediatric patient at Baca Ortiz Hospital, Quito, Ecuador. Cir Plast Ibero-Latinoamericana [Internet]. 2019;45(2):197–201. Available from: https://scielo.isciii.es/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0376-78922019000200013&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es
3. Quemaduras [Internet]. Available from: https://www.who.int/es/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/burns
4. Kennedy GT, Stone R, Kowalczewski AC, Rowland R, Chen JH, Baldado ML, et al. Spatial frequency domain imaging: a quantitative, noninvasive tool for in vivo monitoring of burn wound and skin graft healing. J Biomed Opt [Internet]. 2019 Jul 16;24(07):1. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31313538/
5. Corrales-Benítez C, Martínez-Méndez JR, González-Miranda Á, Serrano-Alonso M, Casado-Pérez C. Disminución de la nece-sidad de cobertura con injertos y baja tasa de cicatrización hipertrófica en quemaduras tras desbridamiento enzimático. Cir Plast Ibero-Latinoamericana [Internet]. 2016;42(4):339–45. Available from: https://scielo.isciii.es/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0376-78922016000400005
6. Martínez-Méndez JR, Serracanta-Domènech J, Monclus-Fuertes E, Del Caz DP, López-Suso E, De Dios García-Contreras J, et al. Guía clínica de consenso en el uso de desbridamiento enzimático en quemaduras con NexoBrid®. Cir Plast Ibero-Latinoamericana [Internet]. 2017;43(2):193–202. Available from: https://scielo.isciii.es/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0376-78922017000200012
7. Conde Montero E. Tipos de injertos cutáneos para cubrir heridas crónicas: cuál elegir [Internet]. Tipos de injertos cutáneos para cubrir heridas crónicas: cuál elegir. 2015. Available from: https://www.elenaconde.com/tipos-de-injertos-para-cubrir-heridas-cronicas/
8. Injerto de piel: MedlinePlus enciclopedia médica [Internet]. Biblioteca Nacional de Medicina de los EE. UU. Available from: https://medlineplus.gov/spanish/ency/article/002982.htm
9. Uehara M, Li X, Sheikhi A, Zandi N, Walker B, Saleh B, et al. Anti-IL-6 eluting immunomodulatory biomaterials prolong skin allograft survival. Sci Rep [Internet]. 2019 Apr 25;9(1):1–13. Available from: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-42349-w
10. Martínez-Flores F, Chacón-Gómez M, Madinaveitia-Villanueva JA, Barrera-Lopez A, Aguirre-Cruz L, Querevalu-Murillo W. The clinical use of cryopreserved human skin allografts for transplantation. Cir y Cir (English Ed [Internet]. 2015 Nov;83(6):485–91. Available from: https://www.elsevier.es/es-revista-cirugia-cirujanos-139-articulo-el-uso-clinico-aloinjertos-piel-S0009741115001322
11. Kitala D, Kawecki M, Klama-Baryła A, Łabuś W, Kraut M, Glik J, et al. Allogeneic vs. autologous skin grafts in the therapy of patients with burn injuries: A restrospective, open-label clinical study with pair matching. Adv Clin Exp Med [Internet]. 2016 Sep 1;25(5):923–9. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28028957/
12. Smolle C, Cambiaso-Daniel J, Forbes AA, Wurzer P, Hundeshagen G, Branski LK, et al. Recent trends in burn epidemiology worldwide: A systematic review [Internet]. Vol. 43, Burns. Burns; 2017. p. 249–57. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27600982/
13. Gao G, Li W, Chen X, Liu S, Yan D, Yao X, et al. Comparing the curative efficacy of different skin grafting methods for third-degree burn wounds. Med Sci Monit [Internet]. 2017 Jun 1;23:2668–73. Available from: /pmc/articles/PMC5464767/
14. Singer AJ, Boyce ST. Burn wound healing and tissue engineering. In: Journal of Burn Care and Research [Internet]. J Burn Care Res; 2017. p. e605–13. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28328668/
15. Edmondson SJ, Ali Jumabhoy I, Murray A. Time to start putting down the knife: A systematic review of burns excision tools of randomised and non-randomised trials. Burns [Internet]. 2018 Nov 1;44(7):1721–37. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29456099/
16. Yamamoto T, Iwase H, King TW, Hara H, Cooper DKC. Skin xenotransplantation: Historical review and clinical potential. Burns [Internet]. 2018 Nov;44(7):1738–49. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29602717/
17. Zhang WF, Huang RC, Gao QF, Li ZB, Ma YJ, Niu XT, et al. Repair of knee deep burn wound with descending genicular ar-tery-saphenous artery perforator flaps in elderly patients (a STROBE-compliant article). Med (United States) [Internet]. 2018 Aug 1;97(35). Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30170449/
18. Holmes JH, Molnar JA, Shupp JW, Hickerson WL, King BT, Foster KN, et al. Demonstration of the safety and effectiveness of the RECELL® System combined with split-thickness meshed autografts for the reduction of donor skin to treat mixed-depth burn injuries. Burns [Internet]. 2019 Jun 1;45(4):772–82. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30578048/
19. Alam K, Jeffery SLA. Acellular fish skin grafts for management of split thickness donor sites and partial thickness burns: A case series. Mil Med [Internet]. 2019 Mar 1;184(Suppl 1):16–20. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30901429/
20. Kitala D, Klama-Baryła A, Kraut M, Łowicki D, Łabuś W, Glik J, et al. Does the transplantation of keratinocytes really reduce the risk of death? Survival analysis of patients hospitalized at the Dr Stanisław Sakiel Centre for Burns Treatment in 2008-2015. Adv Clin Exp Med [Internet]. 2019 Jan 1;28(1):5–10. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30468027/
21. Kwa KAA, Goei H, Breederveld RS, Middelkoop E, van der Vlies CH, van Baar ME. A systematic review on surgical and nonsurgical debridement techniques of burn wounds. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg [Internet]. 2019 Nov 1;72(11):1752–62. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31515194/
22. Legemate CM, Goei H, Gostelie OFE, Nijhuis THJ, van Baar ME, van der Vlies CH. Application of hydrosurgery for burn wound debridement: An 8-year cohort analysis. Burns [Internet]. 2019 Feb 1;45(1):88–96. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30322740/
23. Abdel-Sayed P, Michetti M, Scaletta C, Flahaut M, Hirt-Burri N, De Buys Roessingh A, et al. Cell therapies for skin regenera-tion: An overview of 40 years of experience in burn units. Swiss Med Wkly [Internet]. 2019;149(19–20). Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31104308/
24. Wormald JCR, Wade RG, Dunne JA, Collins DP, Jain A. Hydrosurgical debridement versus conventional surgical debridement for acute partial-thickness burns. Cochrane Database Syst Rev [Internet]. 2020 Sep 3;2020(9). Available from: https://www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD012826.pub2/full

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Reyes Pérez, Laura; Piqueras-Sola, Beatriz; García Enriquez, Nuria; Rodríguez-Blanque, Raquel; Lara Tarazaga, Laura; Sánchez-García, Juan Carlos. Desbridamiento quirúrgico e injerto de piel en quemaduras de espesor parcial y profundo. Revisión bibliográfica. Garnata 91. 2022; 25: e2503gt. Disponible en: http://ciberindex.com/c/g91/e2503gt [acceso: 24/09/2022]
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