Revisión bibliográfica sobre la inyección intramuscular como técnica de enfermería y de otros profesionales sanitarios

Literature review about intramuscular injection as nursing and other health care professionals technique.

  • Nicolás Benítez Muñoz Distrito Sanitario Metropolitano de Granada (Granada, España)
  • Elena Orozco Carreras Distrito Sanitario Metropolitano de Granada (Granada, España)
  • David Díaz Gómez Distrito Sanitario Metropolitano de Granada (Granada, España)
Palabras clave: Intramuscular, Inyección intramuscular, Sitio de inyección intramuscular, Procedimientos de enfermería, Actualización
Key-words: Intramuscular, Injection intramuscular, Intramuscular injection site, Nursing procedures, Update




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2.Organizacion Mundial de la Salud (OMS). “WHO calls for worldwide use of "smart" syringes”; 2015. Disponible en: [consulta 14/03/2018]
3. Chadwick A, Withnell N. How to administer intramuscular injections. Nursing Standard; 2015. 30, 8, 36-39. Disponible en: [consulta 14/03/2018]
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13. Hospital Universitario Reina Sofía. Junta de Andalucía Administración de medicación intramuscular. Manual de protocolos y procedimientos generales de enfermería; 2010. Disponible en: [consulta 19/03/2018]
14. Ogston-Tuck S. Intramuscular injection technique: an evidence-based approach; 2014. Nursing Standard. 29, 4, 52-59. Disponible en: [consulta 19/03/2018]
15.Coskun H, Kilic C, Senture C. The evaluation of dorsogluteal and ventrogluteal injection sites: A cadaver study. J Clin Nurs; 2016;25(7-8):1112-1119. Disponible en: [consulta 19/03/2018]
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17.Walsh L, Brophy K. Staff nurses' sites of choice for administering intramuscular injections to adult patients in the acute care setting. J Adv Nurs; 2011;67(5):1034-1040. Disponible en: [consulta 19/03/2018]
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19.Atay S, Yilmaz Kurt F, Akkaya G, Karatag G, Ilhan Demir S, Çalidag U. Investigation of suitability of ventrogluteal site for intramuscular injections in children aged 36 months and under. J Spec Pediatr Nurs; 2017;22(4). Disponible en: [consulta 19/03/2018]
20. Larkin TA, Ashcroft E, Elgellaie A, Hickey BA. Ventrogluteal versus dorsogluteal site selection: A cross-sectional study of muscle and subcutaneous fat thicknesses and an algorithm incorporating demographic and anthropometric data to predict injection outcome. Int J Nurs Stud; 2017; 71:1-7. Disponible en: [consulta 19/03/2018]
21. Cook IF, Murtagh J. Ventrogluteal area: a suitable site for intramuscular vaccination of infants and toodlers; 2006. Vaccine. 24: 2403-2408. Disponible en: [consulta 19/03/2018]
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27.Koster MP, Stellato N, Kohn N, Rubin LG. Needle length for immunization of early adolescents as determined by ultrasound. Pediatrics; 2009; 124 (2):667-672. Disponible en: [consulta 21/03/2018]
28.Isbet, AC. Intramuscular gluteal injections in the increasingly obese population: Retrospective study. British Medical Journal; 2006; 332(7542), 637-638. Disponible en: [consulta 21/03/2018]
29. Lippert WC, Wall EJ. Optimal intramuscular needle-penetration depth. Pediatrics; 2008;122(3):e556-e563. Disponible en: [consulta 24/03/2018]
30.Shankar N, Saxena D, Lokkur PP, Kumar NM, William NC, Vijaykumar N. Influence of skin-to-muscle and muscle-to-bone thickness on depth of needle penetration in adults at the deltoid intramuscular injection site. Med J Armed Forces India; 2014;70(4):338-343. Disponible en: [consulta 24/03/2018]
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34.Mitchell JR, Whitney FW. The effect of injection speed on the perception of intramuscular injection pain: A clinical update. AAOHN J; 2001;49(6):286-292. Disponible en: [consulta 27/03/2018]
35.Diggle, L., Richards, S. Best practice when immunizing children. Primary Healthcare; 2007;17: 7, 41-46. Disponible en: [consulta 27/03/2018]
36.Sisson H. Aspirating during the intramuscular injection procedure: A systematic literature review. J Clin Nurs; 2015;24(17-18):2368-2375. Disponible en: [consulta 27/03/2018]
37.Asociación Española de Pediatría. Comité asesor de vacunas. Aspirar antes de inyectar vacuna; 2014.Disponible en: [consulta 27/03/2018]
38.Aspirating during the intramuscular injection procedure: a systematic literature review. Journal of Clinical Nursing; 2015. Disponible en: [consulta 27/03/2018]
39.Agaç E, Günes ÜY. Effect on pain of changing the needle prior to administering medicine intramuscularly: A randomized controlled trial. J Adv Nurs; 2011;67(3):563-568. Disponible en: [consulta 22/03/2018]
40.Tugrul E, Khorshid L. Effect on pain intensity of injection sites and speed of injection associated with intramuscular penicillin. Int J Nurs Pract; 2014;20(5):468-474. Disponible en: [consulta 22/03/2018]
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42.Lago-Deibe FI, Martín-Miguel M-, Velicia-Peñas C, Gómez-Serranillos IR, Fontanillo-Fontanillo M. The safety and efficacy of the tetanus vaccine intramuscularly versus subcutaneously in anticoagulated patients: A randomized clinical trial. BMC Fam Pract; 2014;15(1). Disponible en: [consulta 22/03/2018]
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44. Junta de Andalucía. Guía de recomendaciones para pacientes anticoagulados. Disponible en: [consulta 22/03/2018]
45.Información y consejos para pacientes. Recomendaciones para el paciente anticoagulado con Dicumarínicos (Sintrom®). Atención Primaria en la Red. Disponible en: [consulta 22/03/2018]

Cómo citar
Benítez Muñoz, Nicolás; Orozco Carreras, Elena; Díaz Gómez, David. Revisión bibliográfica sobre la inyección intramuscular como técnica de enfermería y de otros profesionales sanitarios. Garnata 91. 2020; 23: e202309. Disponible en: [acceso: 20/01/2021]


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