Revisión bibliográfica sobre la inyección intramuscular como técnica de enfermería y de otros profesionales sanitarios

Literature review about intramuscular injection as nursing and other health care professionals technique.

  • Nicolás Benítez Muñoz Distrito Sanitario Metropolitano de Granada (Granada, España)
  • Elena Orozco Carreras Distrito Sanitario Metropolitano de Granada (Granada, España)
  • David Díaz Gómez Distrito Sanitario Metropolitano de Granada (Granada, España)
Palabras clave: Intramuscular, Inyección intramuscular, Sitio de inyección intramuscular, Procedimientos de enfermería, Actualización
Key-words: Intramuscular, Injection intramuscular, Intramuscular injection site, Nursing procedures, Update

Resumen

Abstract

Bibliografía

1.Lala KR, Lala MK. Intramuscular injection: Reviewand guidelines. Indian Pediatric 003; 40: 835-45. Disponible en: https://www.indianpediatrics.net/sep2003/sep-835-845.htm [consulta 14/03/2018]
2.Organizacion Mundial de la Salud (OMS). “WHO calls for worldwide use of "smart" syringes”; 2015. Disponible en: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2015/injection-safety/en/ [consulta 14/03/2018]
3. Chadwick A, Withnell N. How to administer intramuscular injections. Nursing Standard; 2015. 30, 8, 36-39. Disponible en: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26488992/ [consulta 14/03/2018]
4. Zimmermann PG. Revisiting im injections. Am J Nurs. 2010; 110(2):60-61. Disponible en: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26488992/ [consulta 14/03/2018]
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6. Organizacion Mundial de la Salud (OMS ). “WHO best practices for injections and related procedures toolkit”; 2010. Disponi-ble en: http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/44298/1/9789241599252_eng.pdf [consulta 14/03/2018]
7.Public Health England. Immunisation procedures: the green book, chapter 4; 2013. Immunisation Against Infectious Disease; 2013 .PHE, London, 25-34. Disponible en: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/immunisation-procedures-the-green-book-chapter-4 [consulta 14/03/2018]
8.Hutin Y et al. Best infection control practices for intradermal, subcutaneous, and intramuscular needle injection. Bulletin of The World Health Organization; 2003, 81:491–500. Disponible en: http://www.who.int/bulletin/volumes/81/7/en/Hutin0703.pdf [consulta 14/03/2018] 9.Del Mar CB, Glasziou PP, Spinks AB, Sanders SL. Is isopropyl alcohol swabbing before injection really necessary?; 2001. Med J Aust 74: 306. Disponible en: https://research-repository.griffith.edu.au/bitstream/handle/10072/55002/SpinksPUB12.PDF?sequence=1&isAllowed=y [consulta 14/03/2018]
10.Dougherty L. and Lister S. The Royal Marsden Hospital Manual of Clinical Nursing Procedures: Student Edition. 9th Ed. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell; 2015. Disponible en: https://www.wiley.com/en-us/The+Royal+Marsden+Manual+of+Clinical+Nursing+Procedures%2C+Student+Edition%2C+9th+Edition-p-9781118746677 [consulta 14/03/2018]
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12. Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health. Position statement on Injection Technique; 2002. Disponible en: https://www.rcpch.ac.uk/sites/default/files/asset_library/Publications/P/Injections1.pdf [consulta 19/03/2018]
13. Hospital Universitario Reina Sofía. Junta de Andalucía Administración de medicación intramuscular. Manual de protocolos y procedimientos generales de enfermería; 2010. Disponible en: https://www.juntadeandalucia.es/servicioandaluzdesalud/hrs3/fileadmin/user_upload/area_enfermeria/enfermeria/procedimientos/procedimientos_2012/rt12_admon_medicacion_intramuscular.pdf [consulta 19/03/2018]
14. Ogston-Tuck S. Intramuscular injection technique: an evidence-based approach; 2014. Nursing Standard. 29, 4, 52-59. Disponible en: https://rcni.com/sites/rcn_nspace/files/ns.29.4.52.e9183.pdf [consulta 19/03/2018]
15.Coskun H, Kilic C, Senture C. The evaluation of dorsogluteal and ventrogluteal injection sites: A cadaver study. J Clin Nurs; 2016;25(7-8):1112-1119. Disponible en: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26868292/ [consulta 19/03/2018]
16.Cocoman A, Murray J. Recognizing the evidence and changing practice on injection sites. Brit J Nurs; 2010;19(18):1170-1174. Disponible en: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20948472/ [consulta 19/03/2018]
17.Walsh L, Brophy K. Staff nurses' sites of choice for administering intramuscular injections to adult patients in the acute care setting. J Adv Nurs; 2011;67(5):1034-1040. Disponible en: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21129009/ [consulta 19/03/2018]
18.Brown J, Gillespie M, Chard S. The dorso-ventro debate: In search of empirical evidence. Brit J Nurs; 2015;24(22):1132-1139. Disponible en: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26653514/ [consulta 19/03/2018]
19.Atay S, Yilmaz Kurt F, Akkaya G, Karatag G, Ilhan Demir S, Çalidag U. Investigation of suitability of ventrogluteal site for intramuscular injections in children aged 36 months and under. J Spec Pediatr Nurs; 2017;22(4). Disponible en: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28884891/ [consulta 19/03/2018]
20. Larkin TA, Ashcroft E, Elgellaie A, Hickey BA. Ventrogluteal versus dorsogluteal site selection: A cross-sectional study of muscle and subcutaneous fat thicknesses and an algorithm incorporating demographic and anthropometric data to predict injection outcome. Int J Nurs Stud; 2017; 71:1-7. Disponible en: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28273627/ [consulta 19/03/2018]
21. Cook IF, Murtagh J. Ventrogluteal area: a suitable site for intramuscular vaccination of infants and toodlers; 2006. Vaccine. 24: 2403-2408. Disponible en: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16406175/ [consulta 19/03/2018]
22.Cocoman A, Murray J. Intramuscular injections: a review of best practice for mental health nurses.; 2008. J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs.15: 424-434. Disponible en: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18454829/ [consulta 21/03/2018]
23. Gillespie, M., Toner, A. The safe administration of long-acting depot antipsychotics; 2013. Br. J. Nurs.; 22:464–469. Disponi-ble en: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23905227/ [consulta 21/03/2018]
24. Wynaden D, Landsborough, I, McGowan S, Baigmohamad Z, Finn M, Pennebaker D. Best practice guidelines for the admin-istration of intramuscular injections in the mental health setting; 2006. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, 15, 195-200. Disponible en: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16916413/ [consulta 21/03/2018]
25.Manual de vacunaciones para enfermería. Junta de Andalucía; 2008. Disponible en: http://www.centrodesaluddebollullos.es/Centrodesalud/Enfermeria/Documentos%20de/%20interes/Manual%20vacunaciones%20enfermeria.pdf [consulta 21/03/2018]
26.Larkin TA, Elgellaie A, Ashcroft E. Comparison of the G and V methods for ventrogluteal site identification: Muscle and sub-cutaneous fat thicknesses and considerations for successful intramuscular injection. Int J Ment Health Nurs. 2017. Disponible en: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28752590/ [consulta 21/03/2018]
27.Koster MP, Stellato N, Kohn N, Rubin LG. Needle length for immunization of early adolescents as determined by ultrasound. Pediatrics; 2009; 124 (2):667-672. Disponible en: https://europepmc.org/article/med/19651584 [consulta 21/03/2018]
28.Isbet, AC. Intramuscular gluteal injections in the increasingly obese population: Retrospective study. British Medical Journal; 2006; 332(7542), 637-638. Disponible en: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16524934/ [consulta 21/03/2018]
29. Lippert WC, Wall EJ. Optimal intramuscular needle-penetration depth. Pediatrics; 2008;122(3):e556-e563. Disponible en: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18694903/ [consulta 24/03/2018]
30.Shankar N, Saxena D, Lokkur PP, Kumar NM, William NC, Vijaykumar N. Influence of skin-to-muscle and muscle-to-bone thickness on depth of needle penetration in adults at the deltoid intramuscular injection site. Med J Armed Forces India; 2014;70(4):338-343. Disponible en: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25382907/ [consulta 24/03/2018]
31.Larkin TA, Ashcroft E, Hickey BA, Elgellaie A. Influence of gender, BMI and body shape on theoretical injection outcome at the ventrogluteal and dorsogluteal sites. J Clin Nurs; 2018;27(1-2):e242-e250.antiguo 20. Disponible en: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28618093/ [consulta 24/03/2018]
32.Palma S, Strohfus P. Are IM injections IM in obese and overweight females? A study in injection technique. Appl Nurs Res; 2013;26(4):e1-e4. Disponible en: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24156877/ [consulta 24/03/2018]
33.Choi D-, Sohng K-, Kim B-. Prediction of optimal gluteal intramuscular needle length by skinfold thickness measurements in korean adults. J Korean Acad Nurs; 2010;40(6):844-851. Disponible en: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21336018/ [consulta 24/03/2018]
34.Mitchell JR, Whitney FW. The effect of injection speed on the perception of intramuscular injection pain: A clinical update. AAOHN J; 2001;49(6):286-292. Disponible en: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/11760527/ [consulta 27/03/2018]
35.Diggle, L., Richards, S. Best practice when immunizing children. Primary Healthcare; 2007;17: 7, 41-46. Disponible en: https://journals.rcni.com/primary-health-care/best-practice-when-immunising-children-phc2007.09.17.7.41.c4434 [consulta 27/03/2018]
36.Sisson H. Aspirating during the intramuscular injection procedure: A systematic literature review. J Clin Nurs; 2015;24(17-18):2368-2375. Disponible en: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25871949/ [consulta 27/03/2018]
37.Asociación Española de Pediatría. Comité asesor de vacunas. Aspirar antes de inyectar vacuna; 2014.Disponible en: http://vacunasaep.org/profesionales/pregunta-al-cav/vacunacion-en-general/aspirar-antes-de-inyectar-vacuna [consulta 27/03/2018]
38.Aspirating during the intramuscular injection procedure: a systematic literature review. Journal of Clinical Nursing; 2015. Disponible en: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/jocn.12824 [consulta 27/03/2018]
39.Agaç E, Günes ÜY. Effect on pain of changing the needle prior to administering medicine intramuscularly: A randomized controlled trial. J Adv Nurs; 2011;67(3):563-568. Disponible en: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21198801/ [consulta 22/03/2018]
40.Tugrul E, Khorshid L. Effect on pain intensity of injection sites and speed of injection associated with intramuscular penicillin. Int J Nurs Pract; 2014;20(5):468-474. Disponible en: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/ijn.12161 [consulta 22/03/2018]
41.Barltley N. Administering intramuscular and subcutaneous injections in children; 2012. Disponible en: https://www.inmo.ie/tempDocs/Child%20Healthoct12.pdf [consulta 27/03/2018]
42.Lago-Deibe FI, Martín-Miguel M-, Velicia-Peñas C, Gómez-Serranillos IR, Fontanillo-Fontanillo M. The safety and efficacy of the tetanus vaccine intramuscularly versus subcutaneously in anticoagulated patients: A randomized clinical trial. BMC Fam Pract; 2014;15(1). Disponible en: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25168768/ [consulta 22/03/2018]
43. Salisbury D., Ramsay M. y Noakes N. “Inmunization procedure March 2012”. Green Book. Department of Health (DH); 2012. Disponible en: http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20130104181824/https://www.wp.dh.gov.uk/immunisation/files/2012/09/Green-Book-updated-040113.pdf [consulta 23/03/2018]
44. Junta de Andalucía. Guía de recomendaciones para pacientes anticoagulados. Disponible en: https://www.huvn.es/asistencia_sanitaria/hematologia_y_hemoterapia/guias_informativas [consulta 22/03/2018]
45.Información y consejos para pacientes. Recomendaciones para el paciente anticoagulado con Dicumarínicos (Sintrom®). Atención Primaria en la Red. Disponible en: https://www.fisterra.com/salud/3procedt/anticoagulacion.asp [consulta 22/03/2018]

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Benítez Muñoz, Nicolás; Orozco Carreras, Elena; Díaz Gómez, David. Revisión bibliográfica sobre la inyección intramuscular como técnica de enfermería y de otros profesionales sanitarios. Garnata 91. 2020; 23: e202309. Disponible en: http://ciberindex.com/c/g91/e202309 [acceso: 20/01/2021]
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